Dushanbe- the capital of Tajikistan is translated as “Monday”. During soviet union times it had been called as Stalinabad for about 30 years. In the 17th centuries on the crossroads of Asian roads emerged a village where on Mondays functioned an eastern bazaar. As time went on, village grew and soon became a regional center, markets actively developed and functioned not only Mondays but the rest of the week as well but people kept calling the city as Dushanbe.
Modern Dushanbe is cultural, social and political center of Tajikistan. Under the neo-classical facades of skyscrapers in the old-fashioned eateries Tajiks still cook fragrant pilaf while old men gather in the tea houses which are alternative for western pubs.
The main archaeological site of Dushanbe - Hissar fortress is located 26 km from the city. Hissar fortress is a fortified 13th century fort with two madrasas, a mausoleum of the late 16th century and the vast interior area. The thickness of the walls of Hissar fortress is more than 1 m, they are riddled with loopholes for guns and cannons. Hissar fort once served as the residence of the Bey, the governor of the Emir of Bukhara, in whose possession was part of Dushanbe.
Among the modern monuments most notables are the monument of Ismail Somoni the founder of Tajik state and a statue of the poet Rudaki who is considered as the founder of Tajik classical poetry.
In the park you can see the great Rudaki fountains, beautifully illuminated at night. Islamic architecture is represented by the mosque and madrasah Haji Yakub.
You can learn more about the history of Tajikistan at the Museum of Antiquities, the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography Museum.
Museum of musical instruments Gurminj is extremely interesting - especially when in halls of the museum are organized musical evenings and exhibits come to life in the hands of masters.
In the Republican library, you can admire the valuable manuscripts of great Ferdowsi, Saadi, and Ibn Sina.