The historical center of Baku reveals its tumultuous past, from its roots as a Persian capital, through its oil boom to its Soviet occupation. The old city is a maze of alleys, mosques, historic buildings and remnants of fortification, including the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and the Maiden Tower, now listed among UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. Much more than a historic site, the city hosts vibrant arts and cultural activities, as well as a bustling modern business sector.
Madein's Tower is probably the first thing to see in Baku. It is the symbol of the town along with the three fires. Located in the Old City (known as IcheriSheher), it gives a stunning view on the city and Baku harbour once you get to the top of the tower. The tower has been standing there for thousands of years. But no one can really tell how old it is.
There is a story about this tower but it has many versions. But generally it is about a maiden and how she is looked up in this tower and how she dies jumping down from it...
The tower is open monday-saturday 11.00-19.00
There is no elevator inside so make yourself ready for a good exercise! And remember; it is really windy up there.
Surrounded by fortress walls dating back to the ninth century, Baku's Old Town (or IcheriSheher as it is called in Azeri language) is the core place if you are into visiting historical places. Narrow, picturesque streets which were intentionally designed to counter the strong winds that blew off the Caspian Sea, will literally takr you to Baku of ninth century! Be sure to visit the Palace of Shirvanshah (13-14th century) and the Caravanserais (the equivalent of hotels in centuries past when camel caravans gathered along ancient trade routes). The two caravanserais of the Old Inner City have been converted into fine restaurants. Don't forget your camera.
The LatifKarimov Carpet Museum
Baku's most extensive carpet exhibit is now
housed inside what used to be the Lenin Museum. The Carpet
Museum has recently been named after the late LatifKarimov who
was the founder of theoretical research on Azerbaijani carpets,
Karimov was responsible for classifying Azerbaijani carpets into
144 specific types and for writing three major volumes
identifying and illustrating thousands of individual carpet
design elements found throughout Azerbaijan.