F.A.Q.

 1. What is the best season for travel to Central Asia?
 2. What is the weather like in Central Asia?
 3. What clothes do you recommend to wear in accordance with the seasons, weather conditions, traditions of visiting places, etc.?
 4. Which countries of Central Asia do you recommend if there is less time to visit all?
 5. What is a process for issuing Central Asia Visa?
 6. Why don't you offer international flights with your tours?
 7. I like your tours but would like to do something different. Do you offer individual tours?
 8. Is it possible to bring alcoholic beverage to Central Asia?
 9. Is it safe to drink the water from the tap?
 10. What kind of voltage in Central Asia?
 11. What is food like in Central Asia?
 12. What kind of vegetarian food is available in Central Asian countries?
 13. What languages do people speak in Central Asia?
 14. Are there any specifications on passing through the borders among Central Asian countries?
 15. What is the currency in Central Asia?
 16. Is it possible to use credit cards in Central Asian countries?
 17. Are there video or photo taking restrictions?
 18. What are the main characteristics that can describe the local people of Central Asia?
 19. What kind of entertainments are there?
 20. What are the city codes in Central Asia?
 21. What holidays celebrates in Central Asia?
 22. Shopping advises?
 23. What religions are practiced in Central Asia?
 24. What is the time difference?
 25. Do I need travel insurance?
 26. What is the health precaution for travel to Central Asia?
 27. What kind of communication is available in Central Asia?
 28. What are the popular tourist destinations in Central Asia?
 29. Do I have to pay entrance fee?
 30. Does show programs included in the tour cost?

1. What is the best season for travel to Central Asia?

The best time for traveling to Central Asia is from mid March to mid June and from August to mid November. During this time the temperature is usually agreeable and does not rise higher than +25-30°C (77-86°F).The middle of spring to the beginning of summer is a season of blossoms of flowers, trees and other plants in orchards. The end of summer to the end of fall is a harvest season of all fruits and vegetables in fields. The local markets are full of fresh fruits in this period. It is hot in summer, sometimes very hot and the temperature is up to +40, +45 C. However this is good for those who like trekking and camping in mountains owing to dry weather in the period. Humidity is mainly low in summer, since it almost never rains in this season.In fall season the weather is brilliantly clear and the temperature drops slowly.Winter is mild and it is often overcast. Occasionally it rains or snows.

2. What is the weather like in Central Asia?

Central Asia has a sharply continental climate. There are more than 250 sunny days a year in Uzbekistan & Tajikistan. Often it's extremely hot in summer (June to August) The hottest summer month is July. The average temperature in this period on plains and foothills is 25-30°C (77-86°F), and in the south it reaches 31-32°C (88-90 °F). In autumn the weather is clear and the temperature decreased slowly as winter approaches. The coldest winter month is January.

3. What clothes do you recommend to wear in accordance with the seasons, weather conditions, traditions of visiting places, etc.?

There is no strict rule for clothing in big cities of any country of Central Asia though in regions still people wear national clothes like long-sleeved shirts or long tunic-style dresses (cover the body to the knees or heels) for women, overcoats without buttons named “chapan”, headdresses such as traditional pointy hats and skullcaps (duppi) and etc. But it is advisable cover most parts of your body including arms and legs when you visiting Muslim religious sites . In summer owing to hot weather it is better to wear light-colored cotton garments. A hat and sunglasses are necessary accessories. Also, recommended to use sun blocks in summer period. In colder weather, better to bring warm clothes.

4. Which countries of Central Asia do you recommend if there is less time to visit all?

The pearl of Central Asia is considered Uzbekistan since many historical buildings are preserved. Second country which is worth to visit is Turkmenistan. It’s situated near Uzbekistan. And the climate is similar to Uzbekistan. Third countries you may choose among Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. However, every country has its unique history and culture.

5. What is a process for issuing Central Asia Visa?

All foreign citizens are required to have a visa to enter Central Asian countries. To obtain a visa you need visa support from national tour operator confirmed by local Ministry of Foreign Affair. Through our reliable partner in US we will assist you to obtain visas to all 5 Central Asian countries.

6. Why don't you offer international flights with your tours?

We believe that offering a tour without the flight gives you several advantages. Also you have far greater flexibility in deciding which airline you might prefer to book with, where you want to come from, or where you might want to stop off en-route. As well as these, many people join our tours when they are already in the country, removing the need for a flight altogether. But as per need of the tourists, we can assist to find the best option regarding flights as well.

7. I like your tours but would like to do something different. Do you offer individual tours?

If you have a group who are interested in some form of adventure travel linked to the activities or destinations in which we operate, please contact us and we will work together to create exactly what you are looking for. Our professional staff always ready to offer unique tour as per your wish and interests.

8. Is it possible to bring alcoholic beverage to Central Asia?

The following goods may be imported into Central Asia countries by tourists aged 18 and older: 2 liters of alcoholic beverages

9. Is it safe to drink the water from the tap?

It is not recommended to drink water from the tap. Better to use water in bottles. One bottle of water per day is provided by Tour Company during your tour.

10. What kind of voltage in Central Asia?

The voltage using in Central Asian countries is 220V. If you need to use a 110/120 volt, you should have a combination converter.

11. What is food like in Central Asia?

Central Asian cuisine is very diverse. Almost every region in the country has its own traditional food. Also,available European food in the restaurants and hotels. Almost in every Central Asia countries national food is similar and there are a various described dishes. Plov, shashlyk, samsa, manty, lagman are popular in all Central Asian republics. The dish knowing as “plov” is the main popular food in Central Asian countries for everyday and celebrations too. In Uzbekistan, it cooks from pieces of fried meat with onions, thinly cut yellow carrot and rice cooked in a large iron pot. Kazakhs cooks a sweet “osh” with dried apricots, raisins and prunes, while “osh” Askabak is made with pumpkin. Shashlyk is a variation of grilled kebab served with onions and non (national bread). Shashlyk is mostly similar in Central Asian cuisine. Samsa is a pastry pie stuffed with meat and onion or pumpkin, potato, cabbage, mushrooms or nuts with national spices backed in tandyr (traditional clay oven).In every regions of Central Asia, samsa backed in many varieties, depends on season and region. Manty are large dumplings stuffed with thinly cut meat or pumpkin, seasoned with various spices and a large amount of onion, cooked in a special pot. Shurpa is a soup with meat and vegetables. Lagman is a handmade noodle soup with sliced fried meat and vegetables. The taste and the way of cooking this dish in every region of Central Asia are different. Traditional Kazakh and Kyrgyz cuisine consists from boiled foods. Meat is the main for Kazak cuisine. Kazakhs prepare delicious kazy, smoked horsemeat sausage. Served on special occasions sliced with cold noodles it is called naryn. Also available national drinks such as kumys (fermented mare's milk), shubat (camel's milk) and airan (sour milk beverage). Instead of bread, The Kazaks prefer baursaks (fried rolls) served with the most popular drink - tea with milk. Green tea is the most popular drink of the Uzbeks. Traditional tea-houses, also know as “chay-hona” can be found everywhere in Uzbekistan. Besbarmak is a favourite dish of Kazak. Besbarmak (the word means five fingers) consists of pieces of boiled rolled out dough garnished with thinly sliced meat (mostly horse or lamb), potatoes and onions. Ka'urma is lamb deep-fried in its own fat and cooks only in Turkmenistan. In Turkmenistan you should try the local national food knowing as Ishkiykli and it is are dough balls filled with meat and onion, which are traditionally cooked in sand that has been heated by a fire. Tandyr is a traditional clay oven, heated with firewood or gas. In tandyr locals cooks national food such as samsa and national bread.

12. What kind of vegetarian food is available in Central Asian countries?

Vegetarians can order from menu different kinds of salads during the season. Some restaurants offers special vegetarian menu as well. During summer and autumn there is a lot of different kind of fruits: grapes, pomegranates, apricots, peaches, honey melons, watermelons etc. - which are also dried and used during other times of the year.

13. What languages do people speak in Central Asia?

The official language in Uzbekistan is Uzbek (one of the Turkic group of languages). Russian language is still in use with locals. However Uzbekistan's policies moving toward the West and encourage to learn English as well. In 1996, Kyrgyzstan's parliament adopted a resolution making Russian an official state language in Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan is a multi-lingual nation. The country’s official language is Tajik, which refers to the South-western group of the Iranian languages. The Russian language is still used and understood, especially in Dushanbe. The republic’s third language is Uzbek, spoken by the part of the population who are the ethnic Uzbek. Also, in the east of Tajikistan is still in use languages of small ethnic groups knowing as Pamir. The official language in Kazakhstan is Kazakh. However the Cyrillic alphabet is in general use and most of the people in the cities can speak Russian. Uyghur and other regional languages and dialects are also spoken. The language of Turkmenistan is Turkmen. From the 1990, language policy in independent Turkmenistan has been to establish Turkmen as the official language.

14. Are there any specifications on passing through the borders among Central Asian countries?

On entering the country, tourists should fill up a customs declaration form that must be retained until departure. This allows for the importation of articles intended for personal use, including currency and valuables such as video cameras, mobile, jewelries, which must be registered on the declaration form and keep it before departure.

15. What is the currency in Central Asia?

Uzbek official currency is Som.
Soms come in banknote denominations of 100, 200, 500, and 1.000.


Turkmenistan currency is called Manat.
One Turkmen Manat = 100 tenge.
There are banknotes of 10,000, 5,000, 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 manat.


In Kyrgyzstan the monetary unit is the som dividable into 100 tiyn.


Kazakhstan official currency is Tenge.
One Kazakh Tenge = 100 tiyin.
Notes are in denominations of Tenge 10000, 50000, 2000, 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.


Tajikistan currency is called Somoni.
One Tajik Somoni = 100 diram.
Notes are in denominations of Somoni 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1.

16. Is it possible to use credit cards in Central Asian countries?

Credit cards such as VISA, Master Cards are acceptable in main hotels, stores, banks and restaurants (mostly in capital cities).

17. Are there video or photo taking restrictions?

In general you may use video and photo camera at any place free of charge, but in some places for an additional fee, however it’s restricted in subway stations or at TV-tower.

18. What are the main characteristics that can describe the local people of Central Asia?

The local people are very friendly, hospitable and hard-working. Majority of people are secular Muslims. It is normal for young people to pay high respect to old people. And the greeting “Assalomu Alaykum” is widely spread. The response is “Wa Alaykum Assalom” Mass people's festivities are widely celebrated. They are followed by special ceremonies, festive bazaars at which musicians, dancers, wrestlers perform.

19. What kind of entertainments and restaurants are there?

There are many facilities for entertainment and restaurants in Central Asia like European and Asian restaurants, cafes, pubs, night clubs, pools, bowling, casino, parks etc. Most of the hotels and restaurants equipped with Wi Fi system and available 24 hours per day.

20. What are the Central Asia phone code and city codes?

Uzbekistan country code is: +998


Note: If you are outside of the country, dial: Ex. Samarkand +998 662*******
Note: If you are inside of the country, dial: Ex. Samarkand +8 3662******

Uzbekistan City Codes: Uzbekistan Mobile Phone Codes:
Tashkent +371 BEELINE +998 90 /91
Samarkand +3662 MTS +998 97 Shahrisabz +37552 PERFECTUM MOBILE +998 98
Termez +37622 UCELL +998 93 /94
Bukhara +3652 UzMobile +998 95
Khiva +36237
Urgench +36222


Kazakhstan country code is: +997

Kazakhstan City Codes: Kazakhstan Mobile Phone Codes:
Almaty +327 2 +700
Turkestan +325 31


Kirgyzstan country code is: +996

City Codes: Kirgyzstan Mobile Phone Codes:
Bishkek +331 2 +996 543
Issyk-Kul +331 44
Cholpon-Ata +331 43


Turkmenistan country code is: +993

Turkmenistan City Codes: Turkmenistan Mobile Phone Codes:
Ashgabat +363 2 +993 66
Mary +370 22 +993 67


Tadjikistan country code is: +992

Tadjikistan City Codes: Tadjikistan Mobile Phone Codes:
Panjikent +377 75 +992 92
Dushanbe + 377 2


21. What holidays are celebrated in Central Asia?

In Central Asia countries celebrates the following holidays:


January 1- New Year's Day (according to Gregorian calendar) in all Central Asia countries

January 7 – Russian Orthodox Christmas (Kyrgyzstan&Kazakstan)

February 19 - The Turkmen State Flag Day (only in Turkmenistan)

March 8 - International Women's Day in all Central Asia countries

March 21- Navruz (Eastern New Year) in all Central Asia countries

May 1 - International Labour Day (Tajikistan)

May 9 – Victory Day in all Central Asia countries

July 22 – Tajik language’s day (Tajikistan)

August 30 - Constitution Day (Kazakhstan)

August 31 – Independence Day (Kyrgyzstan)

September 1 – Day of Knowledge (Kyrgyzstan)

September 1 - Independence Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbekistan)

September 9 - Independence Day of the Republic of Tajikistan

October 6 - Memorial Day of victims of earthquake of 1948. (Turkmenistan)

October 25 - Day of the Republic (Kazakhstan)

October 27 & 28 - Independence Day (Turkmenistan)

November 6 - Constitution Day (Tajikistan)

November 17 - Students Day (Turkmenistan).

December 12 - Neutrality Day (Turkmenistan)

December 16 - Independence Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan

December 8 - Constitution Day (only in Uzbekistan)

Muslim holidays are Ramadan Khait and Kurban Khait - the date changes each year in accordance with Moon Calendar

The biggest holiday in Central Asia is Navruz (New Day or New Year in accordance with Moon Calendar). Navruz is widely celebrated everywhere in Central Asia as the day of peace and charity and spring festival. Only in Navruz, the locals cooks special dish known as “symalak” in Uzbekistan. This dish consists from wheat sprout, water and wheat. In Kazakhstan people cooks the dish knowing as “Navruz Kozhe”, which consist from seven ingredients as per ancient tradition.

Muslim holiday Ramazan Khait - two or three days of celebration at the end of Ramadan (the month of daytime fasting). These days used for family visits and donations to the poor.

After 70 day from Ramazan Khait, the locals celebrates Kurban Khait (The Feast of Sacrifice). During these holidays locals visit the graves of relatives.

Remembrance Day is celebrated on May 9 as a day to honour martyrs,as well as veterans of the World War II.

Besides these holidays, the Turkmen celebrates festivals, providing a unique spectacle for tourists.

First Sunday of April is «The drop of water is the grain of gold" festival.

Last Sunday of April is a day to celebrate the Turkmen horse.

May 19 is Makhtumkuli poetry festival.

Last Sunday of May is Turkmen carpet day.

Second Sunday of August is a day to celebrate the Turkmen melon.

Last Sunday of September is bakhshy day to celebrate the Turkmen folk singers.

Last Sunday of November is the harvest festival.

First Sunday of December is the neighbourhood day.

22. Shopping advises?

Handicrafts are available at art workshops in all the cities of Central Asia. Shops offer a rich choice of articles made of semi-precious stone; carved and painted wood, bone of horn, embroidered skull-caps, decorative handmade suzane, miniatures, ceramics, varieties of hand-made silk etc. The bazaars of Central Asia cities offer products ranging from spices and ceramics to carpets. Main of the museums has small shops with a different kind of modern wares and some original items as well. It is advisable when you are shopping to ask for a certificate from the shop. Presentation of such certificates should speed up customs formalities on departure through the boarders and airports.

23. What religions in Central Asia?

Predominantly the Uzbeks are Sunni Muslims around 80% of population, Shia is 15% along side with Russian Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Jewish minorities. Freedom of religion is practiced.

The Turkmen are Sunni Muslims (85% of the population).

The main population of Kyrgyz are Sunni Muslim and consist 75%. The Russian population of Kyrgyzstan is mostly Russian Orthodox and consist 20%.

The Kazakhs are Sunni Muslim is 47 %, Russian Orthodox 44% -, Protestant – 2 %. Kazakhstan is the only Central Asian country whose constitution does not assign a special status to Islam.

The Tajiks are very religious Muslim and their population is around 98%. Except Muslim, a few other confessions there such as Orthodox Christian, Lutheran, Korean, Judaist Synagogue, and the Baptist and Krishna followers.

24. What is the time difference?

In summer +5 hours ahead GMT, in winter +4 hours

25. Do I need travel insurance?

Yes, travel insurance is recommended. You are required to purchase comprehensive travel insurance before traveling. Please make sure before departure that you know exactly what your insurance is covering, remembering there are many adventure activities available during the tour which may not be covered by basic insurance.

26. What is the health precaution for travel to Central Asia?

Before travel to Central Asia, you don’t need to make special vaccinations, since adventure will be in regions with no risk for health. But it’s recommended to be advisable by your doctor in case of personal diseases.

27. What kind of communication is available in Central Asia?

Communication system is provided via a system of line and station facilities of telephone, post, TV-and-radio communication and telegraph. Long-distance communication is based on cable and radio-relay lines. International communication is based on the digital space lines. Mobile phone services are also available almost in all the cities of Central Asia.

28. What is a popular tourist destination in Central Asia?

In Uzbekistan the most popular historical sites for tourists are Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez, and Ferghana Valley.
In Turkmenistan - Ashgabat, Kunya Urgench, Merv (Mary) Oasis, Kugitang Nature Reserve, Repetek Biosphere Reserve.
In Kyrgyzstan - Ala-Archa Canyon, Issyk-Kul Lake, trekking around Issyk-Kul, Bishkek, Osh city, peaks Pobedy, Lenin, Khan-Tengry.
In Kazakhstan - Almaty, Burabai, Taraz, Turkestan, Aksu-Zhabagly Nature Reserve, and Zailiyski Alatau are very interesting historical sites in Kazakhstan.
In Tajikistan - Dushanbe, Hissar historical reserve, Penjikent, the Pamirs.

29. Do I have to pay entrance fee?

No, it is included into the price of tour cost.

30. Does show programs included in the tour cost?

Yes, at least one show program included in the tour cost. The show programs consist from national dance show, traditional classical music etc.