Frequently Asked Questinos.
1. What is the best season for travel to Central Asia?
The best time for traveling to Central Asia is from mid March to mid June and from August to mid November. During this time the temperature is usually agreeable and does not rise higher than +25-30°C (77-86°F).The middle of spring to the beginning of summer is a season of blossoms of flowers, trees and other plants in orchards.
The end of summer to the end of fall is a harvest season of all fruits and vegetables in fields. The local markets are full of fresh fruits in this period.
It is hot in summer, sometimes very hot and the temperature is up to +40, +45 C. However this is good for those who like trekking and camping in mountains owing to dry weather in the period.
Humidity is mainly low in summer, since it almost never rains in this season.In fall season the weather is brilliantly clear and the temperature drops slowly.Winter is mild and it is often overcast. Occasionally it rains or snows.
2. What is the weather like in Central Asia?
Asia has a sharply continental climate. There are more than 250 sunny days a
year in Uzbekistan & Tajikistan. Often it's extremely hot in summer (June to
August) The hottest summer month is July. The average temperature in this
period on plains and foothills is 25-30°C (77-86°F), and in the south it
reaches 31-32°C (88-90 °F). In autumn the weather is clear and the
temperature decreased slowly as winter approaches. The coldest winter month
3. What clothes do you recommend to wear in Central Asia?
is no strict rule for clothing in big cities of any country of Central Asia
though in regions still people wear national clothes like long-sleeved
shirts or long tunic-style dresses (cover the body to the knees or heels)
for women, overcoats without buttons named “chapan”, headdresses such as
traditional pointy hats and skullcaps (duppi) and etc. But it is advisable
cover most parts of your body including arms and legs when you visiting
Muslim religious sites . In summer owing to hot weather it is better to wear
light-colored cotton garments. A hat and sunglasses are necessary
accessories. Also, recommended to use sun blocks in summer period. In colder
weather, better to bring warm clothes.
4. Which countries of Central Asia do you recommend if there
is less time to visit all?
pearl of Central Asia
is considered Uzbekistan
since many historical
buildings are preserved. Second country which is worth to visit is
Turkmenistan. It’s situated near Uzbekistan. And the climate is similar to
Uzbekistan. Third countries you may choose among Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan. However, every country has its unique history and culture.
5. What is a process for issuing Central Asia Visa?
foreign citizens are required to have a visa to enter Central Asian
countries. To obtain a visa you need visa support from national tour
operator confirmed by local Ministry of Foreign Affair. Through our reliable
partner in US we will assist you to obtain visas to all 5 Central Asian
6. Why don't you offer international flights with your tours?
believe that offering a tour without the flight gives you several
advantages. Also you have far greater flexibility in deciding which airline
you might prefer to book with, where you want to come from, or where you
might want to stop off en-route. As well as these, many people join our
tours when they are already in the country, removing the need for a flight
altogether. But as per need of the tourists, we can assist to find the best
option regarding flights as well.
7. I like your tours but would like to do some changes.
Do you offer private tours?
you have a group who are interested in some form of adventure travel linked
to the activities or destinations in which we operate, please contact us and
we will work together to create exactly what you are looking for. Our
professional staff always ready to offer unique tour as per your wish and
8. Is it possible to bring alcoholic beverage to Central Asia?
following goods may be imported into Central Asia countries by tourists aged
18 and older: 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
9. Is it safe to drink the water from the tap?
is not recommended to drink water from the tap. Better to use water in
bottles. One bottle of water per day is provided by Tour Company during your
10. What kind of voltage in Central Asia?
voltage using in Central Asian countries is 220V. If you need to use a
110/120 volt, you should have a combination converter.
11. What is food like in Central Asia?
Asian cuisine is very diverse. Almost every region in the country has its
own traditional food. Also,available European food in the restaurants and
hotels. Almost in every Central Asia countries national food is similar and
there are a various described dishes. Plov, shashlyk, samsa, manty, lagman
are popular in all Central Asian republics. The dish knowing as “plov” is
the main popular food in Central Asian countries for everyday and
celebrations too. In Uzbekistan, it cooks from pieces of fried meat with
onions, thinly cut yellow carrot and rice cooked in a large iron pot.
Kazakhs cooks a sweet “osh” with dried apricots, raisins and prunes, while
“osh” Askabak is made with pumpkin. Shashlyk is a variation of grilled kebab
served with onions and non (national bread). Shashlyk is mostly similar in
Central Asian cuisine. Samsa is a pastry pie stuffed with meat and onion or
pumpkin, potato, cabbage, mushrooms or nuts with national spices backed in
tandyr (traditional clay oven).In every regions of Central Asia, samsa
backed in many varieties, depends on season and region. Manty are large
dumplings stuffed with thinly cut meat or pumpkin, seasoned with various
spices and a large amount of onion, cooked in a special pot. Shurpa is a
soup with meat and vegetables. Lagman is a handmade noodle soup with sliced
fried meat and vegetables. The taste and the way of cooking this dish in
every region of Central Asia are different. Traditional Kazakh and Kyrgyz
cuisine consists from boiled foods. Meat is the main for Kazak cuisine.
Kazakhs prepare delicious kazy, smoked horsemeat sausage. Served on special
occasions sliced with cold noodles it is called naryn. Also available
national drinks such as kumys (fermented mare's milk), shubat (camel's milk)
and airan (sour milk beverage). Instead of bread, The Kazaks prefer baursaks
(fried rolls) served with the most popular drink - tea with milk. Green tea
is the most popular drink of the Uzbeks. Traditional tea-houses, also know
as “chay-hona” can be found everywhere in Uzbekistan. Besbarmak is a
favourite dish of Kazak. Besbarmak (the word means five fingers) consists of
pieces of boiled rolled out dough garnished with thinly sliced meat (mostly
horse or lamb), potatoes and onions. Ka'urma is lamb deep-fried in its own
fat and cooks only in Turkmenistan. In Turkmenistan you should try the local
national food knowing as Ishkiykli and it is are dough balls filled with
meat and onion, which are traditionally cooked in sand that has been heated
by a fire. Tandyr is a traditional clay oven, heated with firewood or gas.
In tandyr locals cooks national food such as samsa and national bread.
12. What kind of vegetarian food is available in Central
can order from menu different kinds of salads during the season. Some
restaurants offers special vegetarian menu as well. During summer and autumn
there is a lot of different kind of fruits: grapes, pomegranates, apricots,
peaches, honey melons, watermelons etc. - which are also dried and used
during other times of the year.
13. What languages do people speak in Central Asia?
official language in Uzbekistan is Uzbek (one of the Turkic group of
languages). Russian language is still in use with locals. However
Uzbekistan's policies moving toward the West and encourage to learn English
as well. In 1996, Kyrgyzstan's parliament adopted a resolution making
Russian an official state language in Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan is a
multi-lingual nation. The country’s official language is Tajik, which refers
to the South-western group of the Iranian languages. The Russian language is
still used and understood, especially in Dushanbe. The republic’s third
language is Uzbek, spoken by the part of the population who are the ethnic
Uzbek. Also, in the east of Tajikistan is still in use languages of small
ethnic groups knowing as Pamir. The official language in Kazakhstan is
Kazakh. However the Cyrillic alphabet is in general use and most of the
people in the cities can speak Russian. Uyghur and other regional languages
and dialects are also spoken. The language of Turkmenistan is Turkmen. From
the 1990, language policy in independent Turkmenistan has been to establish
Turkmen as the official language.
14. Are there any specifications on passing through the
borders among Central Asian countries?
entering the country, tourists should fill up a customs declaration form
that must be retained until departure. This allows for the importation of
articles intended for personal use, including currency and valuables such as
video cameras, mobile, jewelries, which must be registered on the
declaration form and keep it before departure.
15. What is the currency in Central Asia?
official currency is Som.
Soms come in banknote denominations of 100,
200, 500,1.000, 5.000, 10.000, 50.000.
Turkmenistan currency is called Manat.
One Turkmen Manat = 100 tenge.
There are banknotes of 10,000, 5,000, 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1
In Kyrgyzstan the monetary unit is the som dividable into 100 tiyn.
Kazakhstan official currency is Tenge.
One Kazakh Tenge = 100 tiyin.
Notes are in denominations of Tenge 10000, 50000, 2000, 1000, 500, 200, 100,
50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.
Tajikistan currency is called Somoni.
One Tajik Somoni = 100 diram.
Notes are in denominations of Somoni 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1.
16. Is it possible to use credit cards in Central Asian
cards such as VISA, Master Cards are acceptable in main hotels, stores,
banks and restaurants (mostly in capital cities).
17. Are there video or photo taking restrictions?
general you may use video and photo camera at any place free of charge, but
in some places for an additional fee, however it’s restricted in subway
stations or at TV-tower.
18. What are the main characteristics that can describe the
local people of Central Asia?
local people are very friendly, hospitable and hard-working. Majority of
people are secular Muslims. It is normal for young people to pay high
respect to old people. And the greeting “Assalomu Alaykum” is widely spread.
The response is “Wa Alaykum Assalom” Mass people's festivities are widely
celebrated. They are followed by special ceremonies, festive bazaars at
which musicians, dancers, wrestlers perform.
19. What kind of entertainments and restaurants are there?
are many facilities for entertainment and restaurants in Central Asia like
European and Asian restaurants, cafes, pubs, night clubs, pools, bowling,
casino, parks etc. Most of the hotels and restaurants equipped with Wi Fi
system and available 24 hours per day.
20. What are the Central Asia phone code and city codes?
Uzbekistan country code is: +998
Note: If you are outside of the country, dial: Ex. Samarkand +998 662*******
Note: If you are inside of the country, dial: Ex. Samarkand +8 3662******
Uzbekistan City Codes: Uzbekistan Mobile Phone Codes:
Tashkent +371 BEELINE +998 90 /91
Samarkand +3662 MTS +998 97 Shahrisabz +37552 PERFECTUM MOBILE +998 98
Termez +37622 UCELL +998 93 /94
Bukhara +3652 UzMobile +998 95
Kazakhstan country code is: +997
Kazakhstan City Codes: Kazakhstan Mobile Phone Codes:
Almaty +327 2 +700
Turkestan +325 31
Kirgyzstan country code is: +996
City Codes: Kirgyzstan Mobile Phone Codes:
Bishkek +331 2 +996 543
Issyk-Kul +331 44
Cholpon-Ata +331 43
Turkmenistan country code is: +993
Turkmenistan City Codes: Turkmenistan Mobile Phone Codes:
Ashgabat +363 2 +993 66
Mary +370 22 +993 67
Tadjikistan country code is: +992
Tadjikistan City Codes: Tadjikistan Mobile Phone Codes:
Panjikent +377 75 +992 92
Dushanbe + 377 2
21. What holidays are celebrated in Central Asia?
In Central Asia countries celebrates the following holidays:
January 1- New Year's Day (according to Gregorian calendar) in all Central
January 7 – Russian Orthodox Christmas (Kyrgyzstan&Kazakstan)
February 19 - The Turkmen State Flag Day (only in Turkmenistan)
March 8 - International Women's Day in all Central Asia countries
March 21- Navruz (Eastern New Year) in all Central Asia countries
May 1 - International Labour Day (Tajikistan)
May 9 – Victory Day in all Central Asia countries
July 22 – Tajik language’s day (Tajikistan)
August 30 - Constitution Day (Kazakhstan)
August 31 – Independence Day (Kyrgyzstan)
September 1 – Day of Knowledge (Kyrgyzstan)
September 1 - Independence Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbekistan)
September 9 - Independence Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
October 6 - Memorial Day of victims of earthquake of 1948. (Turkmenistan)
October 25 - Day of the Republic (Kazakhstan)
October 27 & 28 - Independence Day (Turkmenistan)
November 6 - Constitution Day (Tajikistan)
November 17 - Students Day (Turkmenistan).
December 12 - Neutrality Day (Turkmenistan)
December 16 - Independence Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan
December 8 - Constitution Day (only in Uzbekistan)
Muslim holidays are Ramadan Khait and Kurban Khait - the date
changes each year in accordance with Moon Calendar
The biggest holiday in Central Asia is Navruz (New Day or New Year in
accordance with Moon Calendar). Navruz is widely celebrated everywhere in
Central Asia as the day of peace and charity and spring festival. Only in
Navruz, the locals cooks special dish known as “symalak” in Uzbekistan. This
dish consists from wheat sprout, water and wheat. In Kazakhstan people cooks
the dish knowing as “Navruz Kozhe”, which consist from seven ingredients as
per ancient tradition.
Muslim holiday Ramazan Khait - two or three days of celebration at
the end of Ramadan (the month of daytime fasting). These days used for
family visits and donations to the poor.
After 70 day from Ramazan Khait, the locals celebrates Kurban
Khait (The Feast of Sacrifice). During these holidays locals visit the
graves of relatives.
Remembrance Day is celebrated on May 9 as a day to honour martyrs,as well as
veterans of the World War II.
Besides these holidays, the Turkmen celebrates festivals, providing a unique
spectacle for tourists.
First Sunday of April is «The drop of water is the grain of gold" festival.
Last Sunday of April is a day to celebrate the Turkmen horse.
May 19 is Makhtumkuli poetry festival.
Last Sunday of May is Turkmen carpet day.
Second Sunday of August is a day to celebrate the Turkmen melon.
Last Sunday of September is bakhshy day to celebrate the Turkmen folk
Last Sunday of November is the harvest festival.
First Sunday of December is the neighbourhood day.
22. Shopping advises?
are available at art workshops in all the cities of Central Asia. Shops
offer a rich choice of articles made of semi-precious stone; carved and
painted wood, bone of horn, embroidered skull-caps, decorative handmade
suzane, miniatures, ceramics, varieties of hand-made silk etc. The bazaars
of Central Asia cities offer products ranging from spices and ceramics to
carpets. Main of the museums has small shops with a different kind of modern
wares and some original items as well. It is advisable when you are shopping
to ask for a certificate from the shop. Presentation of such certificates
should speed up customs formalities on departure through the boarders and
23. What religions in Central Asia?
the Uzbeks are Sunni Muslims around 80% of population, Shia is 15% along
side with Russian Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Jewish minorities. Freedom of
religion is practiced.
The Turkmen are Sunni Muslims (85% of the population).
The main population of Kyrgyz are Sunni Muslim and consist 75%. The Russian
population of Kyrgyzstan is mostly Russian Orthodox and consist 20%.
The Kazakhs are Sunni Muslim is 47 %, Russian Orthodox 44% -, Protestant – 2
%. Kazakhstan is the only Central Asian country whose constitution does not
assign a special status to Islam.
The Tajiks are very religious Muslim and their population is around 98%.
Except Muslim, a few other confessions there such as Orthodox Christian,
Lutheran, Korean, Judaist Synagogue, and the Baptist and Krishna followers.
24. What is the time difference?
summer +5 hours ahead GMT, in winter +4 hours
25. Do I need travel insurance?
travel insurance is recommended. You are required to purchase comprehensive
travel insurance before traveling. Please make sure before departure that
you know exactly what your insurance is covering, remembering there are many
adventure activities available during the tour which may not be covered by
26. What is the health precaution for travel to Central Asia?
Before travel to Central Asia, you don’t need to make special vaccinations,
since adventure will be in regions with no risk for health. But it’s
recommended to be advisable by your doctor in case of personal diseases.
27. What kind of communication is available in Central Asia?
system is provided via a system of line and station facilities of telephone,
post, TV-and-radio communication and telegraph. Long-distance communication
is based on cable and radio-relay lines. International communication is
based on the digital space lines. Mobile phone services are also available
almost in all the cities of Central Asia.
28. What is a popular tourist destination in Central Asia?
Uzbekistan the most popular historical sites for tourists are Tashkent,
Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Termez, and Ferghana Valley.
In Turkmenistan - Ashgabat, Kunya Urgench, Merv (Mary) Oasis, Kugitang
Nature Reserve, Repetek Biosphere Reserve.
In Kyrgyzstan - Ala-Archa Canyon, Issyk-Kul Lake, trekking around Issyk-Kul,
Bishkek, Osh city, peaks Pobedy, Lenin, Khan-Tengry.
In Kazakhstan - Almaty, Burabai, Taraz, Turkestan, Aksu-Zhabagly Nature
Reserve, and Zailiyski Alatau are very interesting historical sites in
In Tajikistan - Dushanbe, Hissar historical reserve, Penjikent, the Pamirs.
29. Do I have to pay entrance fee?
it is included into the price of tour cost.
30. Does show programs included in the tour cost?
at least one show program included in the tour cost. The show programs
consist from national dance show, traditional classical music etc.